Efficient Green Power - Photovoltaic Solar Power Energy

Photovoltaic Solar Power

Photovoltaic (PV) is the field of technology and research in connection with the use of solar cells for energy by converting sunlight directly into electricity. Due to the rising demand for clean energy sources, the manufacture of solar cells and photovoltaic arrays has increased dramatically in recent years.

Photovoltaic production has been doubling every two years, increasing by an average of 48 percent per year since 2002, making it the world's fastest growing energy technology. Around 90% of production capacity consists of grid-tied electrical systems. These plants can be ground-mounted or in the roof or walls of a building known as Building Integrated Photovoltaic BIPV or for short.

Photovoltaic's are best known as a method for generating solar power by the use of solar panels packaged in photovoltaic modules, which are often electrically connected in multiples of solar photovoltaic arrays to convert energy from the sun into electricity. To explain the photovoltaic solar panel more simply, photons from sunlight knock electrons into a higher state of energy, creating electricity. The term refers to the photovoltaic unbiased operating mode of a photo diode, which flow through the device is fully on the transducer light energy. Virtually all photovoltaic devices are some kind of photo diode.

Unlike fossil fuel technologies, solar power does not lead to any harmful emissions during the operation, but the production of panels led to some of the pollution. This is often referred to as the energy input to output ratio. In some analyze, if the absorption of energy to produce, it is higher than the production it produces it can be regarded as more environmentally damaging than beneficial. Also, the placement of a photovoltaic system on the environment. If they are located where photosynthesis of plants that grow normally, they only replace a potentially renewable resource (biomass) for another. It should be noted, however, that the cycle converts biomass energy from sunlight into electrical energy with much less efficiently than photovoltaic cells alone. And if they are placed on the sides of buildings or fences, roofs, or in the desert, they are purely additive to the basis of renewable energy.

Solar cells produce direct current electricity from light, which can be used to power or to recharge a battery. The first practical application of photovoltaic power was linked to the satellites and other space vehicles, but today the majority of photovoltaic modules for grid-connected electricity generation. In this case an inverter is needed to DC to AC. It is a small market for off-grid power for remote homes, roadside checks emergency telephones, remote sensing, and cathodic protection of pipelines.

Cells need protection from the environment and are usually packed behind a glass plate. If more power is required than a single cell can deliver, cells are electrically connected to photovoltaic or solar cell modules. A single module is enough to power emergency telephone, but for a house or a power plant the modules must be arrays. Although the selling price of modules is still too high to compete with grid electricity in most places, the substantial financial incentives in Japan and Germany triggered a huge growth in demand, followed by the production quickly. Residential solar panels are becoming more common and may one day support an independent energy grid network.

Perhaps not unexpectedly, a significant market power has been in urban or near-grid locations for solar-power-charged battery-based storage solutions. These are deployed as a stand-by systems in the areas of energy deficient countries like India and as complementary systems in the developed markets. In a large majority of cases, such solutions do not economically or environmentally sensible, all green credentials largely by lead-acid storage systems are typically used.

Estimations show with a serious commitment to solar energy efficiency, solar power would meet the electricity needs of almost 14% of the population by the year 2030.

Advantages to PV Solar Energy
  • There is more energy arriving in sunlight than could be consumed by people. Additionally, solar power generation has the highest energy density among renewable energies.
  • Facilities can operate with little maintenance or intervention after initial setup.
  • Solar power creates no pollution when in used. Production emissions and wastes are manageable using existing technology and infrastructure. Recycling technology for end of use are being developed.
  • Solar electric generation works better in remote locations where transporting fuel or grid connection is cost prohibitive or difficult to impossible
  • If used locally, electricity transmission and distribution losses can be reduced or eliminated
  • Metering when grid connected can displace peak demand and eliminate the need for battery power in during periods of regional high demand or night.
  • Operating costs are very low once constructed.
  • With further development and research, the technology and efficiency of photovoltaic solar cells will increase.

Disadvantages to PV Solar Power:
  • A storage system or alternative energy source is needed in cloudy weather or night time since solar electricity generation is reduced or not available.
  • Cost may not cover life span savings unless the local grid allows you to input excessively produced energy
  • For current infrastructure power grids, energy produced from solar cells must be converted from DC to AC, resulting in a loss in efficiency of 4-12%.
  • Solar electricity is often initially more expensive than electricity generated by other sources.
  • Power Density is limited
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